To say you’re a big believer in the power of stories is like saying you believe sunshine is important to life on earth. But I am a big believer. We are raised on stories. We’re immersed in them, through fables and movies and TV. Their power is embedded in our brains.
But our hunger for stories — for a narrative that “makes sense” in our brains — causes us to ignore the facts right in front of us, as demonstrated in this classic piece by Sam Wang:
[O]ur brains fit facts into established mental frameworks. We tend to remember news that accords with our worldview, and discount statements that contradict it.
Creating a narrative is at the heart of modern political campaigning and the coverage those campaigns receive in the media. The comeback story is one of the most enduring and resonant narratives there is.
After months of being portrayed as an underdog in the presidential race, Mitt Romney has been benefiting from the momentum (or “Mittmentum”) narrative, often in the face of contradictory facts:
The media bias debate has taught us that arguments over journalists’ conscious intentions are unproductive, but professional and commercial incentives do exist for journalists to emphasize the drama of a race. By whatever conscious or unconscious means, these may increase journalists’ susceptibility to a “momentum” narrative despite its tenuous basis in fact.
Of course, the narrative gives and the narrative takes away. For a couple of months there, Romney couldn’t buy a break. On his brief overseas tour, the #RomneyShambles narrative was set in stone from almost the moment he stepped out of his limo.
From there it didn’t matter what he did. He could have brokered a Mideast peace accord and it wouldn’t have registered. Everything from that point — major or minor — was viewed and portrayed through the lens of a disastrous outing by a neophyte to the international stage.
In the same way, when you’re on the winning side of the narrative, your foibles and fumbles are ignored. Last week, a blimp carrying a Romney campaign ad crashed to the ground in Florida. That’s the kind of story that makes an irresistible metaphor for a campaign in trouble.
Only the campaign wasn’t in trouble at the time — it was in the middle of its momentum narrative. So the story got the attention it deserved (none). Just imagine the coverage it would have received if Romney was 5 points down. (As a corollary, think about how Obama’s infamous ninja fly-catching move would have been treated if his approval rating wasn’t hovering around 60 at the time.)
Every day reporters are confronted with dozens of incidents like this. A slip of the tongue by a candidate, a scheduling snafu, a technical glitch at a rally. And they must decide how and whether it gets covered — a decision that is inevitably guided by how it fits into the current narrative.
And every day, candidates are urged to attend to their narrative.
It’s enough to make you worry that storytelling is on the way to earning a reputation for shallowness and manipulation. Like “PR” or “reputation management.” That would be a shame.